Pettypool Families in the 1600s: Descendants of the Southwest Essex Pettypools in London's East End

extracts from: English Ancestry of the Pettypool Family of Colonial Virginia

©Carolyn Hartsough

For an exploration of the activities of Pettypools in the 1600s, we continue tracing the movements of the branch living in Barking parish during the late 1500s. The focus for this part of our history is John, son of Richard, the Richard whom I speculate most likely descended from the Pettypool branch resident in the 1400s in the Essex parishes nearby the Rodings.

Recall that John was born in Barking on 26 May 1577, and we come upon him in the Barking registers for the second time in the form of the following marriage:

1600 [1600/1] January John Petipoole & Elizabeth Strondall married the 1st Day of January1

John was not quite 24 years old when he and Elizabeth Strondall married. John was of average age for courtship and betrothal, and there may have been some urgency to the marriage as it appears that Elizabeth was pregnant. A child was christened for John very soon after the marriage ceremony:

1600 [1600/1] John the sonne of John Petipool baptized the 18th day of March2

Thereafter, a series of children arrive at the expected one to two-year intervals for John and Elizabeth:

1602 Margaret the daughter of John Petipool baptized the same day [27 December]3

1604 [1604/5] Richard the sonne of John Petipool baptized the same day [24 February]4

1606 [1606/7]Sammuel the sonne of John Petipool baptized the 15th day of February5

1610 Elizabeth the daughter of John Petipool baptized the 10th day of June6

According to the burial registers, two of John’s children were lost during childhood: son Richard and a daughter, Ann, who does not appear in a corresponding entry in the baptism register. These entries read:

1611 Richard the sonne of John Petipool buried the 12th day of October7

1614 Ann the daughter of John Petipool buried the first day of August8

During the period of John’s family formation (the first two decades of the 1600s), he often found himself the target of the Barking parish authorities. Although his occupation was carpentry, perhaps he struggled to keep pace with the increasing financial needs of a growing family and resorted to alternative means of livelihood; perhaps he was given to troublesome behavior. Whatever the cause(s), John accumulated the following list of offenses:

1 April 1603 Indictments of Dorothy Webb of Hatfield Peverel, spinster, Francis merchant, Richard Ralfe, Thomas wade and William Barrett of the same, alehouse-keepers, Kemborowe Swayne of Salcott, widow, Richard Robinson of the same, victualler, George Chapman and Thomas Stanes of Epping, victuallers, John Wright, John Shelley, John Barnarde, Oliver Ladd, Matin Mayes and John Brangeman of Waltham Holy Cross, victuallers, William Bigges and Nicholas Wilson of Chingford, victuallers, Nicholas pollett of Barking, victualler, george Everest, Richard Chapman, Nicholas Greenwaye, John Pettipoole and Robert Thompson of the same, yeoman, all for keeping common alehouses without licence. The said Merchant and Barrett acknowledged; the said Swayne and Robinson endorsed “by the cathe of Mr. Tucke”; the said Everest committed for three days without bail, acknowledged, and fined 20s., paid to the sheriff in Court; the said Thompson dead.9

Michaelmas 31 August 1605 At the Special Sessions of the peace held at Barking, before Sir Robert Leigh and Sir Nocholoas Coote, knts., Thomas Fanshawe, William Heigham, Thomas Warren and Reginald Argall, esqs. Stephen Bull of West Ham, yeoman, and Daniel T ownsend of the same, butter man, for John typping of the same, leather dresser, to appear at the next Quarter Sessions at Chelmsford, being presented to be a common drunkard and haunted [haunter] of alehouses. . . . Thomas Nicholson of Barking, fisherman, and John Petpoole [sic] of the same, carpenter, for John Edwardes of the same, fisherman, as above. . . . 10

Midsummer 1610 Presentments for Hundreds of Berstable, Chafford and Becontree. We present the highway from Dagnham to Romford lying with the liberty of Havering for not being sufficiently repaired according to statute; John Petipoole and John Adkingsone, both of barking for keeping each an alehouse there without licence by the space of two months last pant [past]. . . 11

Epiphany 1611 JUSTICES MEMORANDUM. He [The] date. “The names of all the victuallers in Bockinge which victualls without lycnece.” Hich Collins stc. Pemerton John Atkinson, John Pettipole. Signed by Nich. Coote Endorsed: True bill. 12.

10 March 1617 [1617/8] Assizes held at Brentwood Indictment of Geop. [Geo.] Newbolt, John Laboureres and Jophn [John] Pettiepoole carpenter, all of Barking, 15 September 14 Jas. I, there assaulted John Wheatelye etc. All confessed. Newbolt gave bail and was fined 40s., the others 5s., Witness: Jopnas [Jonas] Gravelings. 13

10 March 1617 [1617/8] Assizes held at Brentwood . . . Geo. Newbald, John Harryson, John Pettypoole– guilty of assault and bailed for good behavior and fined (illegible). . . . 14

Easter 1617 Jury list and presentment for the Hundreds of Barstable, Chafford and Becontre. . . . Rob. Hunter (bricklayer), George Mason (husbandman), Nicholas Greneway (wiremaker), Edward Carter (weaver) and John Pettypoole (carpenter), all of Barking, for victualling without licence. . . . 15

11 March 1622 [1622/3] Assizes held at Chelmsford Names of Prisoners:- . . . John Pettypoole committed by Thomas Franshawe, for suspicion of felony. . . Gaol DELIVERY held at Chelmsford on 11 [M]arch 19 James I. . . . John Pettypoole – remanded by good bail to appear at the next. . . . 16

To be fair, with the exception of the 1617 indictment for assaulting Wheatelye and the 1622/3 indictment for “suspicion of felony,” most of the infractions of which John was accused turn out to be relatively minor, particularly those concerned with “victualling without licence.”

St. Dunstan and All Saints

With his alehouse-keeping, John was clearly part of a larger group of citizens trying to address what apparently was a community need for places to gather. We, too, should possibly not be too concerned about these transgressions because, in the midst of the allegations of social deviance (1603-1622), John also had been called in 1611 to serve the cause of justice as a member of a coroner’s jury. We read:

No. 644 John Uphavering of Barking, husbandman, indicted for murder. By an inquisition held at Barking, 14 March 1611, before John Nashe, coroner, on the body of Thomas Pricklove, a jury ——Thomas Lambe, Ncholas Garnishe, Thomas Jefferie, Thomas Branden, John Byrd, John Potypoole, William Drew, John Pickman, Thomas Curtys, John Wusbie, Luke Rushe, George Katropp, Thomas Bett, Anthony Slyder, John Brooke ——found that on 8 March at Barking, Uphavering attacked Pricklove with an iron ‘tramel’ and struck him a blow on the head from which he died on 13 March. Guilty of homicide; allowed clergy [he read a set passage from a book by which he was able to allege he was a ‘clerk’]. 18

Unhappily, a week after John’s 1622/3 accusation for “suspicion of felony,” his wife, Elizabeth, died. The clerk at Saint Dunstan’s and All Saints of Stepney parish recorded the burial as follows:

1622 March [1622/3 March] Elizabeth wife of John Pettipoole of rat [illegible – probably ratcliff] carpentr the eighteenth Day19

This burial record marks the first of many records to originate from the parish church at Stepney, the large parish in the East End of London that served the Tower Hamlets, a collection of small settlements (including Ratcliff, Wapping, Shadwell, Limehouse and Poplar) that stood outside the eastern gates proper of the City of London.

London area records continue to reflect the changing circumstances of John’s family through the next two decades. Three marriages occurred in the mid 1620s, the first recorded in the parish of Saint Dunstan in the East (just inside the city gates):

Weddings 1624 December 9 Beniamin Sedgwick and Margarett Pettipoole the ninth of December21

The other two were registered at Saint Dunstan and All Saints:

Mariages
1627 August John Pettipoole of Ratcliffe carpenter & Mary Wellin of Shadwell widow the 7 Day22

1627 September Samuell Pettipoole of Ratcliffe cordwainder & Alice Jackson of Wapping maid 19th23

The first marriage in the above series of three most likely refers to Margaret, the daughter of John and Elizabeth (Strondall) Pettipoole. Margaret, born before 27 December of 1602 and eldest daughter of John and Elizabeth, was probably just days short of twenty-two years old in 1624 and thus of highly marriageable age.

Unfortunately, the couple would have just a brief time to enjoy their marriage as Margaret was dead by early 1627:

Burialls 1627 Aprill Margaret wife of Beniamin Sedgwick of Brooke streete [illegible] 24

The second marriage is between John Pettipoole and Mary Wellin and appears to refer to the John who had lost his wife, Elizabeth, in 1622. That Mary Wellin was a widow may be a clue that she was of more advanced age and thus an appropriate mate for marriage to a 50-year-old widower like John. The John being married was described as “carpenter” in the registration, the occupation that he was known to follow from earlier records. Recall, however, that a son, also called John, had been born to him and Elizabeth Strondall on 18 March 1600/1. This record could possibly refer to the younger John, who would now be 27 years old.

There is little doubt that the third marriage is for John’s 21-year-old son, Samuel, the father of the American immigrant, William. Samuel’s occupation was that of a “cordwainder.” He will be called a “shoemaker” in some subsequent records but historically a cordwainer was distinguished from other shoemakers (for example, cobblers) by his ability to work with fine soft leather in the production of shoes and other luxury footwear. 25

Samuel and Alice (Jackson) Pettipoole produced what could have been a large family of children, but only two survived early childhood. In the listing of these children baptism and burial records are given together for all of the childr en who died:

Christenings 1628 August Sara the daughter of Samuell Pettipoole of Shadwell shoemaker & Alice his wife 24 day28

Burialls 1628 November Sara Dau of Samuell Pettipoole of Shadwell shoemaker the first day29

Christenings 1629 September James sonne of Samuell Pettipoole of Ratcliffe shoemaker & Alice his wife the 13 day30

Burialls 1629 October James sonne of Samuell Pettipoole of Ratcliffe shoemaker the 28 day31

Speculative Chart East End Families

Christenings 1630 October William sonne of Samuell Petipoole of Ratcliffe shoemaker & Alice the 20 [day]32

Christenings 1633 June 23 Martha daughter of Samuel Pettipoole of Ratcliffe cordwainr & Alice ux [wife]33

Burialls 1633 September 6 Martha daughter of Samuel Pettipoole of Ratcliffe cordwainr & Alice34

Christenings 1634 August 10 Jane daughter of Samuel Pettipoole of Ratcliffe cordwainer & Alice ux [wife]35

Burialls 1634 August 18 Jane daughter of Samuel Pettipoole of Ratcliffe cordwayner & Alice [illegible] 36

Christenings 1635 [1635/6] February 26 Elizabeth daughter of Samuel Pettipoole of Knockfergus cordwayner & Alice ux [wife] 37

Burialls Plague 1636 August 5 Elizabeth daughter of Samuel Pettipoole of Knockfergus shoemaker38

Christenings 1637 September 24 Mary daughter of Samuel Pettipoole of Elmcourt Shoemaker & Alice39

After the formation of Samuel’s family in the 1620’s and 1630’s, the records for this branch of the Pettypool family are relatively few. We do not, for example, have any additional records referring to William, the immigrant, until he appears in Virginia in the late 1650s.

A final English reference signals the apparent end of male descendants carrying the Pettypool surname in England. Samuel, the father of William, the immigrant, died in Stepney in 1667, only a year before his son, William, was to die in America:

Burialls Att Stepnie Anno 1667 August 20 Samuel Pettipole of Lymehouse pentioner40

Samuel had attained a ripe old age for his time. Born 15 February 1606/7, Samuel died at age sixty years and six months at Limehouse, one of the hamlets within Stepney parish.

For more information...

This page contains excerpts from English Ancestry of the Pettypool Family of Colonial Virginia by Carolyn Hartsough, which contains more detail on the English family, including records of the family who remained in England.

To read the complete document:


[1]Percival Boyd. Boyd Marriage Index, Essex, First Series. (Typescript). Grooms L-Z 1538-1600, Puttipole, Jn & Elz. Strondall, Barking, 1600, FHL microfiche 472,033. Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah. Also, see Barking, Essex, St. Margaret Parish Registers, "Marriage register: 1558-1642," Image 25, John Petipoole & Elizabeth Strondall, 1 January 1600; accessed 28 December 2013, Essex Record Office, Chelmsford, Essex, England.

[2]Barking, Essex, St. Margaret, "Baptism Register: 1558-1673," Image 53, John Petipool, 18 March 1600/1; accessed 27 December 2013; Essex Record Office, Chelmsford, Essex, England.

[3]Barking, Essex, St. Margaret, "Baptism Register: 1558-1673," Image 58, Margaret Petipool, 27 December 1602; accessed 27 December 2013; Essex Record Office, Chelmsford, Essex, England.

[4]Barking, Essex, St. Margaret, "Baptism Register: 1558-1673,"Image 64, Richard Petipool, 24 February 1604; accessed 27 December 2013; Essex Record Office, Chelmsford, Essex, England.

[5]Barking, Essex, St. Margaret, "Baptism Register: 1558-1673," Image 69, Sammuel Petipool, 15 February 1606; accessed 27 December 2013; Essex Record Office, Chelmsford, Essex, England.

[6]Barking, Essex, St. Margaret, "Baptism Register: 1558-1673," Image 78, Elizabeth Petipool, 10 June 1610; accessed 27 December 2013; Essex Record Office, Chelmsford, Essex, England.

[7]Barking, Essex, St. Margaret Parish Registers, "Burial register: 1558-1643," Image 105, Richard Petipool, 12 October 1611; accessed 29 December 2013; Essex Record Office, Chelmsford, Essex, England.

[8]Barking, Essex, St. Margaret Parish Registers, "Burial register: 1558-1643," Image 118, Ann Petipool, 1 August 1614; accessed 29 December 2013; Essex Record Office, Chelmsford, Essex, England.

[9]Essex Record Office. Document Q/SR 162/105, accessed 17 December 2002.

[10]Essex Record Office. Document Q/SR 173/120,121, accessed 17 December 2002.

[11]Essex Record Office. Document Q/SR 191/86, accessed 17 December 2002.

[12]Essex Record Office. Document Q/SR 193/22, accessed 17 December 2002

[13]Essex Record Office. Document T/A 418/90/1, accessed 17 December 2002.

[14]Essex Record Office. Document T/A 418/90/69, accessed 17 December 2002.

[15]Essex Record Office. Document Q/SR 217/29, 30, accessed 17 December 2002.

[16]Essex Record Office. Document T/A 418/97/60, accessed 17 December 2002.

[17]Robert Bucholz and Newton Key, Early Modern England 1485- 1714, 189-190.

[18]J. S. Cockburn (ed.), Court of Assize (Home circuit), Great Britain. Public Record Office. Calendar of assize records: Essex indictments, James I. (London: Her Majesty’s Stationary Office, 1982), 100. The author thanks Dr. F. G. Emmison, deceased, for bringing this citation to her attention in a letter of 13 Mar ch 1989.

[19]London Metropolitan Archives, Saint Dunstan and All Saints, Register of burials, Jun 1622 – Nov 1644, P93/DUN, Item 277, image 7, Elizabeth Pettipoole, 18 March 1622, Ancestry.com. London, England, Baptisms, Marriages and Burials, 1538-1812 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010, accessed 26 December 2013.

[20]John Stow (Citizen of London), A Survay of London Contayning the Originall, Antiquity, Increase, Moderne Estate, and Description of that Citie, Written in the Year 1598, edited by Henry Morley, LL.D., University College of London (London: George Routledge and Sons, Ltd., 1890), 383. Thanks to James Furman Poole for his recent reminder about the relevance of this passage to the story being told.

[21]London Metropolitan Archives, Saint Dunstan in the East, Composite register, 1558 - 1653, P69/DUN1/A/001/MS07857, Item 001, image 50, Beniamin Sedgwick & Margarett Pettipoole, 9 December 1624, Ancestry.com. London, England, Baptisms, Marriages and Burials, 1538-1812 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010, accessed 26 December 2013.

[22]London Metropolitan Archives, Saint Dunstan and All Saints, Register of marriages, Jan 1609/10 – Jan 1631/2, P93/DUN, Item 265, Image 109, John Pettipoole & Mary Wellin, 7 August 1627, Ancestry.com. London, England, Baptisms, Marriages and Burials, 1538-1812 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010, accessed 26 December 2013.

[23]London Metropolitan Archives, Saint Dunstan and All Saints, Register of marriages, Jan 1609/10 – Jan 1631/2, P93/DUN, Item 265, image 110, Samuell Pettipoole & Alice Jackson, 19 September 1627, Ancestry.com. London, England, Baptisms, Marriages and Burials, 1538-1812 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010, accessed 26 December 2013.

[24]London Metropolitan Archives, Saint Dunstan and All Saints, Register of burials, Jun 1622 – Nov 1644, P93/DUN, Item 277, image 77, Margar et Sedgwick, 5 April 1624, Ancestry.com. London, England, Baptisms, Marriages and Burials, 1538-1812 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010, accessed 26 December 2013.

[25]Cordwainer”. Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 23 April 2014, accessed 18 May 2014.)

[26]Carolyn S. Hartsough. “The William Pettypool Family of Southside Virginia: Lineage Reconstruction Based on a Contemporary Review of Evidence”, p. 2, accessed 18 May 2014.

[27]“Nabb Research Center Tools –Dictionaries & glossaries”. Edward H. Nabb Research Center for Delmarva History & Culture. Salisbury University, Salisbury, Maryland, 21801, accessed 18 May 2014.

[28]London Metropolitan Archives, Saint Dunstan and All Saints, Register of baptisms, Sep 1608 – Jan 1637/38, P93/DUN, Item 256, Image 189, Sara Pettipoole, 24 August 1628, Ancestry.com. London, England, Baptisms, Marriages and Burials, 1538-1812 [database online]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010, accessed 26 December 2013.

[29]London Metropolitan Archives, Saint Dunstan and All Saints, Register of burials, Jun 1622 – Nov 1644, P93/DUN, Item 277, Image 88, Sara Pettipoole, 1 November 1628, Ancestry.com. London, England, Baptisms, Marriages and Burials, 1538-1812 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010, accessed 26 December 2013.

[30]London Metropolitan Archives, Saint Dunstan and All Saints, Register of baptisms, Sep 1608 – Jan 1637/38, P93/DUN, Item 256, Image 197, James Pettipoole, 13 September 1629, Ancestry.com. London, England, Baptisms, Marriages and Burials, 1538-1812 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010, accessed 26 December 2013.

[31]London Metropolitan Archives, Saint Dunstan and All Saints, Register of burials, Jun 1622 – Nov 1644, P93/DUN, Item 277, Image 96, James Pettipoole, 28 October 1629, Ancestry.com. London, England, Baptisms, Marriages and Burials, 1538-1812 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010, accessed 26 December 2013.

[32]London Metropolitan Archives, Saint Dunstan and All Saints, Register of baptisms, Sep 1608 – Jan 1637/38, P93/DUN, Item 256, William Petipoole, 20 October 1630, Ancestry.com. London, England, Baptisms, Marriages and Burials, 1538-1812 [database on-line]. Pr ovo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010, accessed 26 December 2013.

[33]London Metropolitan Archives, Saint Dunstan and All Saints, Register of baptisms, Sep 1608 – Jan 1637/38, P93/DUN, Item 256, Martha Pettipoole, 23 June 1633, Ancestry.com. London, England, Baptisms, Marriages and Burials, 1538-1812 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010, accessed 26 December 2013.

[34]London Metropolitan Archives, Saint Dunstan and All Saints, Register of burials, Jun 1622 – Nov 1644, P93/DUN, Item 277,Martha Pettipoole, 6 September 1633, Ancestry.com. London, England, Baptisms, Marriages and Burials, 1538-1812 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010, accessed 26 December 2013.

[35]London Metropolitan Archives, Saint Dunstan and All Saints, Register of baptisms, Sep 1608 – Jan 1637/38, P93/DUN, Item 256, Jane Pettipoole, 10 August 1634, Ancestry.com. London, England, Baptisms, Marriages and Burials, 1538-1812 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010, accessed 26 December 2013.

[36]London Metropolitan Archives, Saint Dunstan and All Saints, Register of burials, Jun 1622 – Nov 1644, P93/DUN, Item 277, Jane Pettipoole, 18 August 1634, Ancestry.com. London, England, Baptisms, Marriages and Burials, 1538-1812 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010, accessed 26 December 2013.

[37]London Metropolitan Archives, Saint Dunstan and All Saints, Register of baptisms, Sep 1608 – Jan 1637/38, P93/DUN, Item 256, Elizabeth Pettipoole, 26 February 1635/6, Ancestry.com. London, England, Baptisms, Marriages and Burials, 1538-1812 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010, accessed 26 December 2013.

[38]London Metropolitan Archives, Saint Dunstan and All Saints, Register of burials, Jun 1622 – Nov 1644, P93/DUN, Item 277, Elizabeth Pettipoole, 5 August 1636, Ancestry.com. London, England, Baptisms, Marriages and Burials, 1538-1812 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010, accessed 26 December 2013.

[39]London Metropolitan Archives, Saint Dunstan and All Saints, Register of baptisms, Sep 1608 – Jan 1637/38, P93/DUN, Item 256, Mary Pettipoole, 24 September 1637, Ancestry.com. London, England,Baptisms, Marriages and Burials, 1538-1812 [database on-line]. Provo,UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010, accessed 26 December 2013.

[40]>London Metropolitan Archives, Saint Dunstan and All Saints, Register of burials, Jan 1666/7 – Oct 1684, P93/DUN, Item 279, Samuel Pettipole, 20 August 1667, Ancestry.com. London, England, Baptisms, Marriages and Burials,1538-1812 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010, accessed 26 December 2013. Thanks to James Furman Poole for bringing the existence of this record to the author’s attention shortly after its appearance on Ancestry.com.