The 1880 Federal Census 1 enumerates the children of George B. and Frances Pool as:
3. Mary L.
4. Arthur R.
Farrow Pool is listed as a son, age 1, implying a birth year of 1879.
The loss of the 1890 Census limits the ability to follow Farrow, and I have not been able to find him in the 1900 Census, by which time he would have been about age 21, and reasonably could be in his own household. Both George B. and Frances are deceased by the time the 1900 Census was taken.2 Continue reading “A Mysterious Pettypool- Farrow (or Luke?) Pool”
“… many people do not know how different the South used to be. In the case of the South, there are things to be proudly held up for praise, and there are things that we wish could be hidden. Both are integral components of a past in which mules were central.” Ellenburg, Mule South to Tractor South, p. 5.1
If you are tracing your family in the American South, you are almost certain to uncover some connection to the cotton economy. Regardless of how close or distant the ancestral connection may have been, the production of cotton fiber was so central to the economy and culture of the region that every family was touched in some way. And no other image is so closely related to cotton than that of the mule, with “its neck bobbing limber… lifeless ears and its half-closed eyes drowsing… apparently asleep with the monotony of its own motion.”2 Continue reading “…a past in which mules were central…”
A Georgia blockader (moonshiner) told former attorney general Amos Akerman “he’d like to know what his grandfather ‘fit’ in the Revolution for if he was not to be allowed to make a little corn whiskey.” – Revenuers & Moonshiners, Wilbur R. Miller1
At the end of the Civil War, one of the many problems facing Congress was deciding how to pay for the war. It is no surprise that they turned to levying taxes: and equally unsurprising, the taxes were not popular.
Federal excise taxes were levied on a range of commodities and personal property. In 1865 and 1866 Mary Poole (second great grandmother), Elihu Poole (first cousin three times removed), Martin B. Poole (great granduncle), and Berry P. Poole (putative first cousin three times removed) were assessed tax on their buggies. In addition, Martin B. was taxed for a watch. And in 1865, great grandfather G. B. Poole, occupation “distiller”, was assessed $9.34 tax. 2 Continue reading “Taxes & Moonshine- Paying for the Civil War”
Mr. Workman Speculates on the Poole’s of Laurens County in 1914
Part 1 of this article began a discussion of an account of the early Poole family in Laurens County SC which was published in The Laurens Advertiser on May 20, 1914. It was a reprint of an article that T. M. Workman published earlier in The Thornwell Messenger.
In those days more than one hundred years ago a man named Poole, I think it was William Poole, settled on this little stream. He had married a Miss Petty, I suppose for I find at Laurens in old papers written more than a hundred years ago that his sons were named William Petty Poole, Seth Petty Poole, George Petty Poole, and so on down. It was the fashion of that time to give a boy his mother’s maiden name for a second name.
Mr. Workman thus plunges bravely into one of the more obscure times in the Laurens County Pettypool family, and along the way falls into a common trap for unwary genealogists. Continue reading “A Family Legend and a Legendary Family- Part Two”
Mr. Workman Speculates on the Poole’s of Laurens County in 1914
In my search thus far, I’ve found two historical accounts of how my Pool family came to reside in Laurens County, SC. The most well known, and complete, is that of Bessie Poole Lamb and Mary Mack Poole Ezell from 1931. I’ve written about this book in The Arrival of the Scuffletown Pool Family in Laurens County, South Carolina and at the Pettypool Family in America website.
A second account was published in The Laurens Advertiser on May 20, 1914, when the paper reprinted an article that T. M. Workman had published earlier in The Thornwell Messenger. The context of the article was early corn mills in Laurens County, and Mr. Workman opens his article with the assertion that:
The first corn mill ever put up in the bounds of the present county of Laurens, S. C., might have been the mill on Enoree river owned by Edward Musgrove. But there was another one higher up on a little stream called Buckhead that flows into Enoree river that had some claim of being one of the first corn mills of Laurens county. Continue reading “A Family Legend and a Legendary Family”
Fair Forest, SC
In the spring of 1772, Peter Pettypool purchased 202 acres of land in what he- as a recent resident of Granville County, North Carolina- believed to be Tryon County, North Carolina. South Carolina considered it to be part of the Ninety Six District, in an area referred to as Fair Forest.
It is unclear how far Peter progressed toward settling this land, and the process was interrupted, and ultimately terminated, by the Revolutionary War. Peter chose to side with those loyal to the Crown. While settling in Fair Forest and serving in the wartime militia, Peter would have encountered persons both interesting and colorful, some of whom, as Loyalists, are not commonly found in traditional accounts. Here are brief notes on some of them. Continue reading “Peacetime Neighbors and Wartime Comrades”
Backcountry South Carolina in the Year 1722
I have spent a great deal of time trying to understand exactly how and when my Laurens County South Carolina Pettypool family arrived in South Carolina. The time-line is still somewhat vague and uncertain, but the probable first attempt to permanently settle occurred in the early 1770’s, in the Fair Forest region of the Ninety Six district, in present day Union County. Once that was established, the question arose: how did that region appear to my 4th great grandfather Peter Pettypool almost 2 ½ centuries ago? Fortunately, there are some brief descriptions of the region from an English naturalist, who traveled through the area about 50 years earlier.
In 1722 an English naturalist named Mark Catesby made a journey to South Carolina to collect plant and animal specimens on the behalf of the Royal Society. The work resulted in publication of The Natural History of Carolina, Florida, and the Bahama Islands in London. Although he spent a great deal of his time in Charleston and the Lowcountry, Catesby did make expeditions into western South Carolina, penetrating as far as the Appalachian mountains. Continue reading “Where the Buffello roamed…”
Love Gone Wrong… Laurens County, SC
Beginning in the fall of 1884 and extending into 1885, a case wound its way through the Court of Common Pleas in Laurens Court House:
Martha E Burdett Pltff )
against ) Complaint for Breach of Marriage Promise
William H. Pool Deft )
An article published in the Atlanta Constitution1 on August 23, 1884 provides some details on the origin of the lawsuit. Miss Burdett, “a comely young woman”, had given birth to a child and claimed that the father was William H. Pool who, she insisted, had “made a most positive promise of marriage” to her. Mr. Pool denied both being the father and having made any such promise, and the lawsuit was filed. Continue reading “… dismissed without costs…”
Love and Marriage in Union County, SC
On the afternoon of Wednesday, January 20, 1886, Mr. Graham received a visitor bearing one of those messages that every father of a teenage daughter hopes never to hear- your daughter just left town “… in a buggy behind a fast horse…” with a man 14 years older than her, “…route not known”. The Laurens Advertiser issue of January 27, 1886 reprinted an article from the Union Times summarizing the events: Continue reading ““…in a buggy behind a fast horse…””
Crime & Punishment in Laurens County, SC
One day in November of 1887, in the Scuffletown Township of Laurens County, SC, Elihu Pool approached B. F. Malone with a request to borrow his mule “to go to the bottoms of Mr. Cooley to get some corn”. Mr. Malone complied with this request, and Elihu rode off.
Some time later, he “came back with about one & half bushels” of corn. Mr. Malone “did not ask him any questions about the corn”, and Elihu “carried the corn to his house”.
A problem arose when Mr. Cooley found that one and half bushels of his corn, growing in a field he rented from Mrs. Byrd, was missing. His discovery that Elihu Pool had removed the corn resulted in a lawsuit : The State vs Elihu Pool, Larceny, in the February 1888 Term of the Court of General Sessions, documented in Roll 304.1 Continue reading “Elihu Borrows a Mule”